Lesson 14 – Economics and Society within the Meiji Period
- The industrial revolution was fueled almost entirely by Japanese investment during the Meiji period. Foreign investment was forbidden in almost all cases. This made Japan oblivious to the requirements of outside cultures.
- The railroad in Japan was entirely financed and controlled by the central government. In addition all utilities were financed and controlled by the central government. (The government was a lot like the American game of monopoly; they controlled all the railroads and utilities and nothing could be built on those properties, but all other real estate was open to development.)
- Agriculture was still Japan ‘s chief source of wealth.
- The modernization and industrialization of Japan were reflected in its social and intellectual life (bummei kaika) (enlightenment). Education was prominent as was the norm in Confucian cultures.
- Men obtained the best jobs in the government. They controlled over 95% of all private enterprise. They controlled all aspects of family life. Educational opportunities at higher levels were only open to male students in most situations. It was a paternalistic society if you were a man and a sexist one if you were a woman.
- Shintoism returned to the forefront of Japanese religion and had an uneasy truce with the Confucianists who ran the government. Buddhism and Christianity were considered minor annoyances to both Shintoism and Confucianists.
- How did the shift of religious power from the Buddhists to Shintoism affect Meiji Japan ?
- Why would Meiji Japan be considered a sexist society?
- Why was the concept of bummei kaika important?
- Why was agriculture still Japan ‘s most important asset?
- How was the railroad system developed in Meiji Japan ?
- How was the industrial revolution fueled in Meiji Japan ?
- WHY WAS CENTRALIZATION SO IMPORTANT TO JAPAN DURING THE MEIJI PERIOD?
- HOW DOES A SEXIST SOCIETY AFFECT ITS NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL POLICIES?
Additional Internet Research Links For This Lesson:
Japanese Industrial Revolution