Lesson 9 – Mughal Imperial Unification (1556-1605)
- For the first five years of his reign, Akbar remained subservient to Bayram Khan, until the regent was deposed at the instigation of Akbar’s nurse, who hoped to run the empire herself.
- The picture of Akbar preserved by a number of contemporary historians is that of an energetic and powerful, yet singularly sensitive, melancholy man whose fits of depression were as prolonged and profound as his flights of manic celebration were frequent.
- The mansabdari (officeholders) system of administration developed by Akbar divided the higher echelons of Mughal officialdom into thirty-three ranks (similar to the US civil service GS system).
- Akbar’s empire was divided into twelve provinces (subas) and subdivided into districts (sarkars) which were further broken down into subdistricts (parganas).
- Not only did Akbar’s efficient administrative system help stimulate and expand India’s economic development and trade, but it also resurrected Ashoka’s imperial idea of bringing the entire subcontinent under a single “white umbrella”.
- Orthodox Muslim leaders like the Mulla of Jaunpur came to fear that the emperor had abandoned Islam entirely and called upon their congregations of the faithful to rise in revolt (jihad).
- The importance of Persian cultural influence on the Mughal Empire and court can hardly be exaggerate
- It was found in Akbar’s Sufism and in the reintroduction of Persian as the official language of the Mughal administration and law.
- Akbar’s era reflected a blend of Perso-Islamic and Raiput-Hindu architecture and painting.
- How did Akbar’s reign come to a tragic end?
- How did Akbar’s reign affect Indian architecture?
- How did Islam react to Akbar?
- How did Akbar’s efficient administration unite India?
- How was Indian bureaucracy organized under Akbar?
- How did Akbar come to rule India?
- HOW DID AKBAR CHANGE INDIA?
- HOW DID HINDUISM AND ISLAM COEXIST DURING AKBAR’S REIGN?
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