Lesson 22 – The Impact of WW 2 – (1939-1946)
- Gandhi was deeply affected by the Lahore Resolution, denouncing it as a “vivisection of India “. The partition of India into Pakistan and India, was , in retrospect, a good idea for the peaceful settlement of the Hindu-Islamic split within the country.
- Throughout the war, Jinnah, the Islamic leader of India, proved to be superior to either Gandhi or Nehru in dealing with the British.
- Despite widespread opposition to British rule and to the war, most Indians supported the British in WW 2. Compared to most of Europe and the rest of Asia, India was extremely fortunate with their infrastructure during WW2. They were physically far enough away from Germany and Japan as not to sustain much damage on the subcontinent. Germany was more concerned with Europe and Russia and Japan was more concerned with China and the United States.
- In the spring of 1943, Bose went on a submarine voyage from Hamburg to Singapore and around the Cape of Good Hope and initiated an armed revolt against England . Bose
- Captured soldiers from Bose’s revolt became national heroes as did Bose after his death.
- In 1947, the House of Commons proclaimed that “two independent dominions” would be established in India ” to be known as India and Pakistan “.
- At midnight on August 14, 1947 , Nehru proclaimed India a free country. Within two years of each other, two of the largest and most powerful countries in the world would declare their independence. China and India represented the vast majority of the population of Asia and a combined population equal to about 25% of the world’s population. Quite suddenly, one quarter of the world’s population was free of European and Japanese domination. Both countries would slowly emerge from their austere beginnings, and come to dominate economic sectors in the Asian theater. Although Japan recovered after seven years of US occupation, they were never again able to dominate Asia, and by the year 2010, were surpassed by China as the leading economic power in Asia.
- How did Gandhi and the Muslim minority disagree?
- Why was Jinnah an important Indian leader during WW 2?
- Why was the Indian Independence movement difficult to succeed during WW 2?
- How did Bose use WW 2 to further Indian independence?
- How did Bose and his followers become heroes in India ?
- How was the issue of Hinduism and Islam finally resolved in India ?
- HOW DID WW 2 PREVENT INDIA FROM GAINING INDEPENDENCE ?
- WHY IS BOSE SUCH AN IMPORTANT FIGURE IN INDIAN HISTORY?
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