Philippine Literature: Review and Critical Analysis of the Foreign Movie Entitled “Titanic” with Some Notes and Quoted Name-references

There are things that you do not know about, and there are things that you really know about. In technical analysis, there are varieties of interpretations depending on the genres used and other literary devices and techniques to make the drama, story or movie great and diversified in Philippine literature. The literary criticism’s general view emphasizes the significance of literature where there are unique ways to uncover the veracity of the foreign movie review and critical analysis with formatted concepts and styles.

Most of us stick clearly to the enumerated genres based on different formatted questions and other forms of literary devices. Interpolated herewith is the foreign movie review as well as critical analysis entitled “Titanic.” Try to analyze the article with questions and answers submitted to me by my student named Truno–leading to uncover the necessity and value of the movie. Here it goes:

I. Literary Criticism: General View

A. Introduction:

Do you believe in the word fate or destiny? It is about the person that you have met for the first time–first place with different lifestyles which are accorded and bonded with destiny. For human considerations, it is a hurting part if the two of you are bonded with destiny but there’s a hindrance between the two of you e.g. the family of both sides did not allow your “one and only partner” and the only way you can do is to fight for your love. You let go of your family and fight for every crisis that comes in your life. You can prove to them that in every storm, trial or strife you can conquer with aims to hit the target–no one can knock you down. But it hurts if the destiny will be your greatest wall, especially when the crisis comes unexpectedly like calamities or tragedy and one must sacrifice his life for the sake of the one or person he or she loves. And this is the saddest part of the survivors because you will burden the good and bad memories that you had done and experienced before in a one place for a long time. Here in the story of the “Titanic,” it makes our mind boggling and it creates some questions that need to be answered. Do the main characters survive the crises? What would be our best defense if this kind of tragedy comes in our lives? If the time comes, can we survive?

B. Background Information:

Have you remembered the ”Titanic?” It is a British luxury passenger liner that sank on April 14-15, 1912 during its maiden voyage. According to the Wikipedia research, the vessel sank with a loss of about 1,500 lives at a point about 400 miles (640km) south of Newfoundland. The great ship, at that time the largest and most luxurious afloat, was designed and built by then William Pirrie’s Belfast firm Harland and Wolff to service the highly competitive Atlantic ferry route. It had a double-bottomed hull that was divided into 16 presumably watertight compartments. Because four of these things could be flooded without endangering the liner’s buoyancy, it was considered unsinkable. Shortly before midnight on April 14, the ship collided with iceberg; five of its watertight compartments were ruptured, causing the ship to sink at 2:20 a.m. on April 15. Inquiries held in the United States and Great Britain alleged that the Leyland liner Californian, which was less than 20 miles (32km) away all night, could have aided the stricken vessel had its radio operator been on duty and thereby received the Titanic’s distress signals. Only the arrival of the Cunard liner Carpathia 1 hour and 20 minutes after the Titanic went down and prevented further losses of lives in the icy waters.

Many of those who perished on the ship came from prominent American, British, and European families. Among the dead were the noted British journalist William Thomas Stead and heirs to the Straus and Astor fortunes. The glamour associated with the ship, its maiden voyage and its notable passengers magnified the tragedy of its sinking in the popular mind. Legends arose almost immediately around the night’s events, those who had died, and those who had survived. Heroes and heroines, such as American Molly Brown, were identified and celebrated by the press. The disaster and the mythology that surrounded it have continued fascinating millions of people in the world.

As a result of the disaster, the first International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea was called in London in 1913. The convention drew up the rules requiring that every ship has lifeboat space for each person to embark on the Titanic that had only 1,178 boats for the 2,224 persons aboard. That lifeboat drill was held during each voyage and, because the California had not heard the distress signals of the Titanic, that ship maintained a 24-hour radio watch. The International Ice Patrol also was established to warn ships of icebergs in the North Atlantic shipping lanes. On Sept.1, 1985, the wreck of the Titanic was found lying upright in two pieces on the ocean floor at a depth of about 4,000 m (about 13,000 feet) The ship , was subsequently explored several times by manned and unmanned submersibles under the direction of American and French scientists.

The expedition found no sign of the long gash previously thought to have been ripped in the ship’s hull by the iceberg. The scientists posited instead that the collision’s impact had produced a series of thin gashes as well as brittle fracturing and separation of seams in the adjacent hull plates, thus allowing water to flood in and sink the ship. In subsequent years marine salvagers raised small artifacts and even a 20-ton piece of the hull from the wreckage. Years later it was adapted in to movie with the series of awarded and applauded scenarios with millions of people around the world who have watched the movie. This spectacular epic re-creates ill fated maiden voyage of the White Star Lines R.M.S Titanic and the tragic disaster of April 15, 1912. Running over the three hours and made the combined contributions of two major studios (20th Century- Fox, Paramount) at a cost of more than 200 million, Titanic ranked as the most expensive film in Hollywood history at the time of its release, and became the most successful. Writer-Director James Cameron employed state-of-the-art digital special effects for this production, realized on a monumental scale and spanning eight decades.

C. The Investigation

This kind of tragedy is merely happened in this dispensation of times. The causes are usually about the engine malfunction, tidal waves, etc. What had happened to Titanic was the result of nature-stricken blow, because the ship began to sink due to the hit of the iceberg. And if we have deepened our investigation, there are many steps that need to be considered and there are also precautionary measures that need to check upon in leaving or departing the ship. It is inevitable and this is also happened because if we expect a lot from a safety travel and not knowing the consequences of our actions or shall we say carelessness on the part of the ship’s captain and the people behind it.Tragedy occurs!

D. The Answer to the Question

By this time, many believe that all people they met had a purpose. Some were put there to test you, some would use you, some would teach you, some would bring out the better yield or the best in you, some may have caused you pains and heartaches, but one must learn to move on, to let go of the people who can treat you righteously and hold on to those who can see your worth. And in my case, I do believe destiny because destiny belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams and have courage to pursue it. Well, let’s move to the question I pose in the introduction. The answer to the first question is that, only Rose survived and her partner Jack died. In this kind of tragedy the only best defense to do is to stay calm–we don’t be panicked and we must start to pray and ask for guidance from God on what to do. We pray because God can do more in a second time rather than what we can do for ourselves. If this kind of calamity happens in our lives, we don’t know precisely if we survive or not and only God knows about this aftermath.

E. Conclusion

Ergo, the best thing to do is to be observant, to have faith in God and lift our safety unto him from destruction through the intercession of Mother Mary.

II. LITERARY CRITICISM: TECHNICAL ANALYSIS

A. Detailed story plot

The movie begins with drifter Jack Dawson (Leonardo Di Caprio) winning third class tickets for the Titanic in a poker game. Jack and his friends Fabrizio want to go their hometown in America. They catch the ship just as it is leaving. It also shows first class passenger Rose De Witt Bukater (Kate Winslett), her mother Ruth (Frances Fisher) and her fiancé Cal Hockley. Rose is on the way to Philadelphia to marry Hockley, and the arrangement is made by her mother to protect their status of wealth. Because of this decision, Rose becomes unhappy and she attempts to commit suicide by throwing herself from the ship. While their Jack comes along to confront Rose and convince her to come up from the railing of the ship, and because of what he does, rose invites Jack to come in a dinner for expressing profound gratitude. At the dinner, Jack courts Rose and they roam around at the first class area of the ship. And there, Jack pretends and assumes himself as a first class passenger. After the dinner, Jack is leaving a letter and gives it to Rose arms; inside the letter it states like this “we will meet at the clock.” After leaving a letter, Jack’s spirit rises on her way to row with slaves or a third class evening with dancing, tossing a wine, etc. On the other day, after that night, Rose and Cal have a small misunderstanding about what she did last night and he reprimands Rose not to do it again as a practice of being a wife of him and also as a respect to his crony. On the same day, the captain and crew of the ship conduct a mass for the royal family, the captain of the ship acts as a priest. Six hours before the sinking of the ship, Rose decides her own future and asks Jack, who is acclaimed an artist to draw her nude wearing only the heart of the ocean (Diamond Necklace). Then Jack grants Rose, he draws a naked girl and Rose says that this is her most erotic actuation happening in her life.

“According to history of Titanic, the two of them then find their way to the cargo hold and find a rich man’s car waiting for them. There, they proceed to make love at the back seat of the car. A few minutes later, the second mate of the ship sees an iceberg in front of the ship and then finds his way not to hit the iceberg. But the ship hits the iceberg; as a result, it creates a quake in the entire area. Many compartments have been damaged and the water begins to flood inside the floating ship. As the people begin panicking and boarding the lifeboats, Jack is arrested by the guard for stealing the diamond necklace and not knowing that it is a trap and a plan of Rose fiancé. But Rose doesn’t believe and insists that Jack is innocent, but no one is listening so Jack has been handcuffed and locked in the master at arm’s office. Instead of boarding a lifeboat, Rose goes back to help Jack and the two must fight for survival. Jack and Cal convince Rose to board a lifeboat, and Cal assures her that he has made an arrangement to get both men off the boat. Cal double-crosses Jack and Rose decides to go back for him yet again despite her being urged to stay on the lifeboat because it is already in danger for women and children to stay in a ship. Rose finds Jack and Cal chases them into the flooded first class dining room with a pistol. Once they escape Cal, he returns to the deck and boards a lifeboat after pretending to look after an abandoned child. While everybody on the top of the ship is panicking, the ship is slowly vanishing and setting out to split down and sink. Jack and Rose go down with the ship and Jack helps her onto a door that can support the weight of one person. All people start falling down into the freezing water. They cry, shout and ask for help. They try their best to swim for them to survive the tragedy. While Jack and Rose exchange the loving words and rose promises Jack not to let go whatever it happens. After a minute the floating area becomes silent and everybody is frozen and they begin to pass away, including Jack but Rose is excluded. Rose has been rescued and gets inside the Carpathia, Rose gives her name as Rose Dawson. And there, she sees Cal one more time who is frantically looking for her but she hides and covers her face in a blanket just as she looks in her direction aimlessly. Rose hears that Cal is married to another woman and later commits suicide. Rose then proceeds to do everything that she and Jack have promised to live together in harmony throughout her life. Back on Lovett’s ship, Rose walks to the butt of the ship, and then there she produces the heart of the ocean and throws it overboard. In the last scene, Rose meets Jack on the grand staircase of the Titanic. They kiss and are applauded by those who are lost in the tragedy. It is not known whether she is dreaming or if she dies (Jack tells her she will die in her bed as an old woman).”

1. Exposition

The story happens inside the luxurious ship floating in the middle of the ocean with thousands of passengers aboard with a different lifestyle in the first class and the third class.

2. Involution

The conflict begins when the luxurious ship hits the iceberg that results in a sudden quake. Then all the passengers gets panicked too because of the water that starts flooding inside the compartments of the ship and causes an outbalance so the ship begins to sink. The passengers also begin to abandon the ship with the use of the lifeboat.

3. Climax

When the ship is totally sunk, it vanishes in the floating area and the passengers try their best to survive over the sea calamities.

4. Falling action

When Jack and Rose promise each other with a loving word not to let go whatever happens. And when all the passengers become frozen, including Jack.

5. Denouement

When Rose has rescued by the turning lifeboat crew and gets aboard the Carpathia, she gives her name as Rose Dawson.

III. LITERARY CRITICISM: Analysis of the Drama in Fiction Entitled the “Titanic”

B. The language

  • Abstract and concrete language because there’s a lot of story that was narrated by Rose that never fully explained.

C. Sentence structure used in the conversation

The structure of the sentence is very simple and natural and there’s no need for you to have dictionary in your side.

D. Imagery and setting

It happens in a real story and the authors try to reduce the viewers to be emotional and the way he presents the character is incidental. The viewer appreciates the director of this film who is so great and the best director of all time.

E. Discourse features

It is good and everybody of the cast presents the best show, and for the characters the way they act and the way to be emotional–to cry when it is needed.

F. Characterization

  • A. Leonardo DiCaprio-Jack Dawson-A third class passenger on the Titanic, Jack Dawson gets on to the ship by winning a poker game with two of his friends. He is in love with the first class passenger Rose Dewitt Bukater, much of the 1997 Titanic movie focuses on their affair; Jack is arrested when the Titanic begins to sink and is saved by Rose. Jack Dawson dies on April 15, 1912 from hypothermia after the sinking of the Titanic.
  • B. Kate Winslett-Rose Dewitt Bukater-Born in Philadelphia in 1895, Rose Dewitt Bukater is 17 years old during the maiden voyage of the Titanic. She boards the ship with her fiancé Caledon Hockley and her mother Ruth. Although not in love with Cal, she is being forced to marry him through an arrangement set by her mother in order to maintain the family’s high status. Tired of the first class lifestyle and not wanting to marry Cal, Rose tries to commit suicide by throwing herself overboard. She is saved by the third class passenger Jack Dawson. The two falls in love and their story is the main focus of the titanic.
  • C. Billy Zane- Caledon” Cal” Hockley- The rich fiancé of Rose Bukater, Cal is the son of fictional steel tycoon Nathan Hockley. Hockley is aboard the Titanic for its maiden voyage on the way to New York from Southampton, England, to marry his 17 years old fiancée Rose. Being oblivious or choosing to ignore the fact that Rose hates him and doesn’t wish to marry him, he purchases a diamond known as the “Heart of the Ocean” and presents it to Rose. Hockley becomes one of the movie’s antagonists and the “Heart of the Ocean” becomes a crucial plot point.
  • D. Kathy Bates-Molly Brown-Also as the “unsinkable” Molly brown, this Titanic survivor is a wealthy first class passenger. After the titanic begins sinking, she helps many passengers’ board lifeboats and helps many individuals to be safe. She is finally convinced to board a lifeboat herself, which she then takes control of and begins looking for more passengers in need. It’s not known whether or not she is saved by any passenger after being in the lifeboat, but her courageous acts earn her the nickname “unsinkable” Molly Brown
  • E. Frances fisher-Ruth Dewitt Bukater-The mother of Rose Dewitt Bukater, she is the one responsible for the arrangement for the marriage between Rose and Cal. Maintaining her wealth, this character is determined to salvage her wealth. When Rose’s father dies, the family leaves with nothing but debts and disguises within an upper class name.
  • F. Gloria Stewart- Old Rose- One of the first characters seen in the movie, it is old Rose who recalls the story of the Titanic to explorer Brock Lovett (played by Bill Paxton). The entire Titanic movie is based on her recollection of the events during the maiden voyage of the Titanic. Stewart is recognized as being the oldest member of the cast and her career is recognized in front of prestigious actors and film enthusiasts.
  • G. Bill Paxton-Brock Lovett-Brock Lovett is a treasure hunter known for searching sunken vessels for valuables. In his latest expedition he is commissioned to find the legendary “Heart of the Ocean”, Lovett opens it but doesn’t find the necklace. Instead he finds soggy bank statements and a drawing of young Rose Dewitt Bukater wearing the necklace. Lovett receives telephone call from old Rose and she and her daughter Lizzie are flown aboard his ship to tell the story.
  • H. Bernard Hill-Captain Edward Smith-Captain of the legendary Titanic, Captain Edward Smith is ordered by the character Bruce Ismay to light the last of the 4 boilers on the Titanic. This increases in speed that is supposedly made the ship too fast to avoid impact with the iceberg. It is made that Smith is at fault for the sinking of the Titanic, but many believe that even the skilled captain couldn’t have done anything to avoid the sinking of the ship.
  • I. David Warner-Spicer Lovejoy-Valet and bodyguard to Caledon Hockley, Lovejoy will do anything to protect the name of his employer. One of the main antagonists in the movie, Dawson has quite a few problems with Lovejoy and Hockley during the film.
  • J. Victor Garber-Thomas Andrews-The main architect of the Titanic, Thomas Andrews is aboard the vessel for its maiden voyage.
  • K. Jonathan Hyde-Bruce Ismay-The managing directors of the White Star Line, Ismay is one of the individuals who is deemed the Titanic as “unsinkable.”
  • L. Suzy Amis-Lizzy Calvert- Daughter Rose Calvert, who uses to be Rose Dewitt Bukater, one of the main protagonists of the Titanic movie.
  • M. Lewis Abernathy-Lewis Bodne
  • N. Anatoly M. Sagalevitch-Anatoly Milkailavich (as Dr. Anatoly M. Sagalavitch)
  • O. Danny Nucci- Fabrizio, the friend of Jack and one of the passengers that have been killed during its maiden voyage.

G. Genre and Tradition

Epic, Romance and Tragedy, including the Tradition that gives respect for the royal families.