Jaunpur is a city in the Uttar Pradesh known for its pre-Mughal architecture.
History: 1359- Jaunpur was founded by the Sultan of Delhi Feroz Shah Tughlaq and was named in memory of his father, Muhammad bin Tughluq, whose given name was Jauna Khan.
1388- Feroz Shah Tughlaq appointed Malik Sarwar as the governor of the region.
1393- Malik Sarwar declared independence and along with his son Mubarak Shah founded the Sharqi dynasty.
1402 to1440- During the rule of Shams ud-din Ibrahim Shah, the Jaunpur Sultanate attained its greatest height.
1456 to 1476- the Jaunpur army and Husain decided to attempt a conquest of Delhi.
1493- Sikandar Lodi, the Delhi Sultante was able to reconquer Jaunpur bringing that sultanate to an end.
1480- Sikander Lodhi, the Sultan of Delhi, conquered Jaunpur.
During the Revolt of 1857 the Sikh troops in Jaunpur joined the Indian rebels. The district was eventually reconquered for the British by Gurkha troops from Nepal. Jaunpur then became a district administrative center.
The rulers of Sharqi Dynasty are as follows:
Malik Sarwar Khwaja-yi Jahan (1394′”1399)
Malik Qaranful Mubarrak Shah (1399′”1401)
Ibrahim Shams-ud-Din (1401′”1440)
Mahmud Shah (1440′”1458)
Mohammed Shah Bhikan Khan (1458)
Husain Shah (1458′”1483)
During the past three years Jaunpur city has experienced a growing corporate presence in financial services as well as in the organized retail sector. Gomati, Sai, Varuna, Pili, and Basuhi are the five rivers which make Jaunpur a fertile land.
Almost the entire alluvial plain around the city is under cultivation, much of it irrigated. Crops include rice, corn (maize), barley, and sugarcane. The area has long suffered greatly from floods and droughts. Perfume is the principal industrial product. The city houses numerous colleges of Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gorakhpur University
Places to Visit:
- Shahi Bridge
- Yamdagni Ashram
- Archaeological Museum
- Botanical Museum
- Zoological Museum
Lal Darwaza Masjid
Diyawan Mahadev Mandir
Shitla Choukiya Dham
Temple of Maihar Devi
Temple of Sheetla Devi
Trilochan Mahadev Temple
Rishi Naldeo Kuldeo Ashram
Kushinagar also known as Kusinagar or Kusinara is a town and a nagar panchayat in Kushinagar district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is an important Buddhist pilgrimage site, where Gautama Buddha is believed to have attained Parinirvana after his death. Buddha was fed some mushrooms or pork by a local and this made him fall seriously ill. Post his recovery he attained Parinirvana.
This town is located near the country of Nepal, and it is a very important pilgrimage site. The town is located in a district of the same name, and it is located in the north eastern part of the state. Kushinagar stands on the bank of the river Hiranyavati. Earlier, during the time when the Buddha came to Kushinagar, the town was ruled by the Mallas.
This town is thus known for being the final resting place of Lord Buddha. Kushinagar is swarmed with numerous monasteries and stupas and almost all of them are in ruins now. A visit to these monasteries is a must see in the town of Kushinagar. There are various temples that have been constructed in the region by many Buddhists, around these ruins by people from all over the world.
During 19th century, there was a silence of more than half a millennium at Kasia. Due to violent invasions, Kushinagar lost its vitality and eventually was neglected.
Kushinagar experiences a sub-tropical climate. Kushinagar experiences seasons like summer, winter and monsoon. Summers in the town of Kushinagar are very hot, and winters are cold. The best time to visit Kushinagar is during winter time, as the weather it at its best for sightseeing.
Places to Visit:
- Mahaparinirvana Temple
- Nirvana Chaitya (Main Stupa)
- Ramabhar Stupa
- Matha Kuar Shrine
- Meditation Park
- Indo-Japan-Srilanka Temple
- Wat Thai Temple
- Ruins & Brick Structures
- Pawanagar /Pawapuri(Fazilnagar)
- Sun Temple, Turkpatti
- Kuber Asthan
- Devraha Asthan
- Kurukulla Asthan
- Sidhua Asthan
- Linh Son Chinese Temple
- Myan Mar (Burmese) Temple
- Birla Hindu Buddha Temple
- Japanese Stupa
- Korean Temple
- Shiva Temple
- Ram Janaki Temple
Bus tickets are easily available online. You can check and do online bus booking for a short trip. For online bus tickets booking you can check different OTA’s website.