The term “test” was originally used in 1368 by Chaucer. According to Hogan (2007), it meant a cup used for smelting gold or silver ore. A more recent, alternate definition would be ” — A test is a systematic procedure for observing behavior and describing it with the aid of numerical scales or fixed categories”, (Cronbach, 1990, p.32).
Mental Ability Tests
These tests include a vast range of cognitive function. These functions would encompass memory, creative thinking, and spatial visualization. In the past these tests provided a broad definition of intelligence. The sub-divisions of mental ability tests are individual and group administered tests and various ability tests. An example of individually administered intelligence tests would be the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS). A group administered test would be the Otis-Lennon School Ability Test (OLSAT).
The purpose of achievement tests is to assess an individual’s knowledge or skill in a certain area. It is the most implemented test of all. Achievement tests are used by elementary and secondary schools (Hogan, 2007). The Stanford Achievement Test, The Iowa Test of Basic Skills, and the Metropolitan Achievement Test are among the many that exist.
Personality tests are used to gather information about human personality. These tests include the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), and the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI). They are designed to measure traits that fall along the normal range or lean towards disabling conditions.
Interests and Attitudes
Interest and Attitudes testing is used mainly with high school and college students to help aid in figuring out which direction they should go in regards to employment. The Kudar Career Search (KCS) is among the tests used.
Tests that provide information on the functioning of an individual’s central nervous system are neuropsychological tests. Although ability and personality tests models are also used, there is a separate category used to examine brain functions. Tests specifically designed for memory, abstract thinking, psychomotor coordination, and verbal and figural materials.
EBOOKCOLLECTION: Hogan, T.P. (2007). Psychological testing: A practical introduction
(2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley
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