If your garden lacks color or structure or it would benefit from a greater sense of permanence or the wow factor look at the plants you are using. Different types of plants perform different roles within a garden. Understand what each can do will enable you to make your garden more beautiful and create year-round interest.
These are the plants you can use in your garden and gives a description of their life cycle and uses.
Annuals: Annuals germinate, grow, flower, set seed and die all in a single year. They are both bold and colorful but quickly gone. Hardy ones may self-seed and grow the next year. These are used to fill your garden with color with the intention of replacing them the following year.
Biennials: Much like annuals, biennials are short lived. They grow for the first year and flower the following year. They are ideal as colorful bedding plants.
Perennials: These are the mainstay of gardens. Perennials produce their flowers and foliage year after year. Most perennials will die down in winter but as soon as the spring brings warmth to the soil they will produce a new crop of leaves and shoots.
Grasses: Some ornamental grasses will die back in winter whilst others are evergreen and retain their leaves all year. They will create movement and light in the garden and the skeletons can be striking in the winter months.
Shrubs: These plants form the backbone of the garden and can be deciduous or evergreen. They create a permanent structure with their woody framework. A large number will also produce attractive flowers and berries which attract birds and wildlife. Edible species you plan to eat yourself need to be protected. There are plenty ofinedibleoptions that birds will still love.
Trees: Plant a tree for height, privacy, a sense of permanence and as an enclosure. Evergreens provide color year round and deciduous bring you autumn color, spring leaves, blossom and a wintry outline. A wide variety of fruit trees can be grown and harvested in almost any climate.
Climbers: Climbers will soften the sharp lines of hard landscaping by climbing up walls and across trellises. They will grow through shrubs and up and through trees. Many will have beautiful flowers and some will be scented.
Aquatics: There are two ranges of plants for a pond. You can have the marginal plants around the edges of the pond with ornamental foliage or flowers. These thrive on the banks of the pond in shallow water. In the pond itself there are spectacular deep aquatic plants such as water lilies.