The use of different resources included physically locating college libraries and perusing journals related to the topic, searching for online articles that have relevant, trustworthy information, and reviewing the literature while considering its source.
I also consulted Crime Library.com, which I consider a relevant source based on the of the journal authors who contribute to this website. Most notably Katherine Ramsland, whose articles I have read over the course of my studies. Often her subject of review is focused on psychological aspects of female offenders. Because she has been writing for many years, her studies demonstrate valuable insight to higher order learning within her field. Ms. Ramsnland is an easy read with her concepts organized and her writing clearly transitioned. I never have to go back and re-read her work. Usually because of
my own familiarity with the material, I understand the concept the first time.
Another site that I believe will give trustworthy information is the U.S.Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs. I spend a lot of time perusing the information in their Statistics Bulletin. For this particular article, “Women in Prison”, I was able to gain qualitative data, which almost always is an example of higher order learning.
The Journal of Offender Rehabilitation is often consulted during my search for journal articles written about the topic I want to study. In this article, the subject of review was reducing recidivism for women inmates, and the plans of inquiry that were summarized in the review were community transitional treatment
models. In this article, the authors demonstrated higher order learning through their initial understanding of the type of background women inmates share; their basic financial, family, and educational background being the common denominators. This article was well organized as each paragraph used consistent transitions to remind the reader that the next topic would follow. When a new topic was introduced, the flow of the article was smooth.
The fifth review was an inquiry I found in the Family Process journal. The review, written by Evan Imber-Black, was a generational study in which the family relationship of incarcerated persons was considered in a “systemic response” to treating offenders. The plan of inquiry summarized in the review was to find persons with specific difficulties. By knowing their population’s shared characteristics, this
investigative example seemed to demonstrate insight rather than higher order learning. The article was organized in a way that the reader got the information in chronological paragraphs that answered questions in a logical manner.
Cross sectional research- done at one point in time to study cause and effect
Nomothetic method- used to draw generalized conclusions
Qualitative- using accurate facts to compare data
Quantitave- using numbers to measure data
Recidivism- repetitive incarceration
Sanctioned rehabilitative programs- court ordered participation
Carlson, Joseph R (2000) Changing Demographics and Programs at the Nebraska Correctional Center for Women, 1982*1998. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 31, (3/4), 135-160
Harm, Nancy J., Phillips, Susan D. (2001) You Can’t Go Home Again: Women and Criminal Recidivism. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 31 (3), p 3-21
Imber-Black, Evan (2008) Incarceration and Family Relationships: A Call for Systemic Responses. Family Process, 47 (3), 277-279
Levy, Barrie. Violence Against Women. Unknown publisher and date
Ramsland, Katherine. Crime Library.com “Female Offenders: A Program for Help” crimelibrary.com/criminal_mind/psychology/female_offenders/8.htm
Schram, Pamela J, Morash, Merry (2002) Evaluation of a Life Skills Program for Women Inmates in Michigan. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 4 (4), p 47-70
U.S. Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin. “Women in Prison”, 1994. Web 11 November 2008
U.S. Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Women in Criminal Justice, Executive Summary
West Virginia Northern Panhandle Community Criminal Justice Board and Lee Day Report Center print April 2007
Wilson, Martha K. (1998) Reducing Recidivism for Women Inmates: The Search for Alternatives. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 27, 61-76
Young, Vernetta D., Reviere, Rebecca (2001) Meeting Healthcare Needs of the New Women Inmate: A National Survey of Prison Practices. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 34 (2), 31-48