by Josh Greenberger
In 1965 two scientists, Yarn Penzias and Robert Wilson, at Bell Telephone Laboratories in Murray Hill, New Jersey, accidentally discovered that the sky is filled with a low-level radiation. This cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation is very cold, only 2.725 above absolute zero. Invisible to the naked eye, the CMB fills the universe with astonishing uniformity in every direction.
The CMB has since been touted is an important confirmation of the big bang, which is believed to have produced an enormous shockwave of radiation that travelled throughout the universe.
A discovery a few years ago, however, discredits the connection between the big bang and the CMB. It seems, the CMB can act as sort of a “film” upon which passing radiation can make impressions. As the CMB traverses the cosmos and passes huge, powerful galaxies, the energy from these galaxies make “shadows” on the passing CMB.
To scientists’ consternation, many enormous galaxies that the CMB has supposedly passed by during its traversal through space have left no telltale traces, as described in an article, “Big Bang’s Afterglow Fails an Intergalactic Shadow Test,” on the science website physorg.com:
“A team of UAH scientists led by Dr. Richard Lieu, a professor of physics, used data from NASA’s Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) to scan the cosmic microwave background for shadows caused by 31 clusters of galaxies.
“‘These shadows are a well-known thing that has been predicted for years,’ said Lieu. ‘This is the only direct method of determining the distance to the origin of the cosmic microwave background. Up to now, all the evidence that it originated from as far back in time as the Big Bang fireball has been circumstantial.
“‘If you see a shadow, however, it means the radiation comes from behind the cluster. If you don’t see a shadow, then you have something of a problem. Among the 31 clusters that we studied, some show a shadow effect and others do not.’
“If the standard Big Bang theory of the universe is accurate and the background microwave radiation came to Earth from the furthest edges of the universe, then massive X-ray emitting clusters of galaxies nearest our own Milky Way galaxy should all cast shadows on the microwave background.
‘Either it (the microwave background) isn’t coming from behind the clusters, which means the Big Bang is blown away, or … there is something else going on,’ said Lieu.
Well, what if the CMB didn’t actually travel all that way? How then can it fill the entire universe? What if the cataclysmic event that the big bang supposes happened in one spot and spread its radiation throughout the universe actually happened throughout the universe simultaneously and its radiation had to travel only relatively short distances to fill every corner of the cosmos?
The V-Bang theory explains how.
To begin with, the notion that the universe began as a singularity, with all the matter we see today packed into one tiny point, has never been that simple. First, where did all that matter come from? Second, there have been studies that showed there may be a limit to how much compression matter can undergo, and that the big bang singularity would have gone beyond that limit.
With the V-Bang, however, there was no singularity and no compressed matter. The only thing that expanded was space.
So where did all the matter of the universe come from?
Although a full discussion of virtual particles is beyond the scope of this article, a short intro should suffice.
It is known that empty space is not empty at all. It is filled with “virtual” particles that constantly pop into existence in pairs of particles and anti-particles. When these two meet they annihilate each other. There are circumstances, however, under which the particle and anti-particles can get ripped away from each other by powerful forces and remain as real particles (in a process known as “Hawking radiation”).
A moment into the expansion of the universe, the highly vacuous void initiated virtual particle generation in massive amounts. Due in part to the violent nature of this event, most of these particles remained as real particles. In addition, the initial influx of virtual particles may have contained far more particles than anti-particles, allowing for matter to form even without the effect of Hawking Radiation.
As the second wave of particles entered the universe, their powerful collisions with the particles that have already been shot outward at terrific speeds by the expansion created a “particle accelerator” effect. That is, collisions far more powerful than any manmade particle accelerator would have created massive black holes and would have generated powerful radiation shockwaves, the remnants of which we now detect as CMB.
This explains why the CMB has no “shadow” of many galaxies across the cosmos — it never travelled past them. The CMB was generated simultaneously throughout space; it was not generated at some central location and spread to far reaches of the universe.
This also explains a number of other observations about the CMB. For example, the “horizon problem.” How did the CMB become so uniform throughout the universe? In the big bang model, something would have to have communicated faster than the speed of light to reach all corners of the universe to smoothen out temperature variations. Not so with the V-Bang. In the V-Bang, the CMB is uniform throughout the cosmos because the exact same process happened throughout the cosmos.
The V-Bang also explains why we’re finding fluctuations in temperature, and even “cool spots,” in the CMB, phenomena that cannot be explained by the big bang. The V-Bang would not have created perfectly “smooth” temperatures throughout the cosmos for reasons similar to why a fireworks display produces pockets of explosions and pockets of voids, which are naturally cooler than the explosions.
This also explain the “homogenous” problem; how can a universe that started as the big bang supposes look so similar in every direction? After flying apart for so many billion of light-years, you’d expect things to shift drastically.
With the V-Bang, not much of an explanation is even needed — it looks so similar all over because, again, the exact same thing happened all over.
Among the many obvious differences between the big bang and the V-Bang, one stands out: the source of matter in the universe.
The big bang assumes that matter already existed and was flung outward with the expansion of the universe. Where’s the evidence for this? Where did matter come from?
The V-Bang makes no such assumption. Matter, in the V-Bang, came into existence in a process that can be observed today. That, I think, is a major step toward solidifying a scientific approach to the origin of the universe.
Unfortunately, the shortness of this article does not do the V-Bang theory any justice. There’s a lot more to it. In it’s full narrative (V-Bang.org) it resolves things like dark energy, dark matter, superstructures, greta voids in space, old stars in young regions of space, and some more.
by Josh Greenberger