A staph infection is a bacterial based infection that is among the most common skin disorders affecting many dogs. The formal name is Staphylococcal bacterial infection which is a skin disorder with a multitude of different symptoms that varies in severity. This bacterium is usually triggered by other medical conditions such as allergies, stress and long term illness. A weakened immune system can be a contributing factor in spreading the staph bacterial infection. It is important to notice the symptoms as early as possible for immediate treatment in order to avoid further more severe secondary conditions.
According to Vetinfo.com, a common symptom is irritated, itchy, red and sore skin rashes which create discomfort for your dog. The sores can get intensely inflamed, scaly and ulcerated, which is a result of Pyoderma. Skin growths may appear on the belly area as open crusty sores. Blisters can materialize, filled with blood and pus, which can rupture, leaving a big scaly ring, called an epidermal collarette, as stated on PetPlace.com/Pyoderma.
Acute moist dermatitis, known as hot spots, may develop. Hot spots are localized moist red bacterial infections of the skin with acute hair loss. The bacteria can affect the hair follicles of your dog with hair loss that is either partial or complete, without normal regrowth. This is a condition called Alopecia where the patchy hair loss of the red inflamed skin, causes intense itching, per information on PetPlace.com/Alopecia.
Itchiness is a very common symptom of a Staph infection in your dog and can worsen depending upon the severity. You may notice your dog scratching, biting and rubbing the irritated skin, which can turn into secondary staph dermatitis, which may lead into an open oozing sore. VetInfo.com also states that some severe cases of a staph infection can cause cellulitis which is another secondary infection of broken skin due to the excessive scratching. As your dog continues to irritate the open sores, they become more inflamed, where fever, chills and swollen lymph nodes may ensue.
Treatment of a staph infection in your dog depends upon the actual cause. Most often the fur around the affected area is removed. Wash or soak the region with potassium permanganate and clean it with an agent such as H2O2 to reduce and kill staphylococci infection. A potent antibiotic may be necessary for a superficial staph infection. Appropriate treatment takes about three weeks to be effective. Your veterinarian will decide on the proper treatment once a definitive diagnosis is made. Sometimes, in order to treat the infection, an underlying issue may need to be remedied before further medical therapy can continue.