Did you know that it may take up to 10 years to correctly diagnose Bi Polar disorder due to inconsistent symptoms? In general, 4% of the population has experienced bipolar at some point their lifetime. Bi polar disorder is known as different episodes of mood ranging from severe depression to mania.
Depressive episodes have several symptoms, such as, guilt, anger, isolation, hopelessness, fatigue, loss of appetite, severe disturbance in sleep patterns, social anxiety, lack of motivation and morbid suicidal ideation. In some severe cases, delusions and hallucinations may appear. A major depressive episode can last two to six months if left untreated.
Manic Episodes are the opposite of depressive episodes. It’s like the North and South Pole, where one side can be completely happy and the other side can be very dark. Mania is significantly associated with Bi Polar disorder. When this takes place, one often finds an elevated mood and less need for sleep. As result , one may go on 3 to 4 hours of sleep to not sleeping at all; which will not give your brain a chance to rest and decompress. One may have exuberated pressured speech, racing thoughts with little or no attention span. This part of the episode is only the beginning. More abnormal behavior becomes apparent here as one engages in unusually activities, such as, spending sprees, substance abuse, or sleeping pills. This feeling of mania makes it feel like one is invincible trying to achieve some type of “special” mission.
Mania inhibits daily functioning, whereas, hypomanic episodes are generally more mild. Hypomania symptoms are optimism, pressure of speech and activity and decreased need for sleep. In most situations, people with hypomania are more productive than usual because of the level of optimism one has. The attention span isn’t as short as a mania inflicted person and they do not have delusions or hallucinations. This is the most difficult to depict because it can be seen as pure happiness, however, it has similar risks as mania does. Hypomania probably feels good to the person experiencing it. However, the environment is not the same case. Hypomanic people can have episodes where they don’t even remember what had happened. Their mood changes uncontrollably and can become violent or irritable. Most commonly, the violent and jarring phases can continue for a few weeks to even a few months.
There can also be mixed affective episodes; which symptoms of mania and depression occur simultaneously. An example of this is racing thoughts during a depressive episode. This can cause extreme levels of frustration as one might feel like a failure while having a flight of ideas at the same time. This state is most dangerous during substance abuse, panic disorder or suicide attempts as it can make the overall risk greater in a life lost because there is no sense of reality and reasonability.
The factors affecting each individual may vary, but here are three common different factors affecting this disorder: genetics, environment, and physiological. Research findings focus strongly on heterogeneity, with different genes being implicated in different families. Genetic studies have suggested that genes related to serotonin, dopamine, glutamate and cell growth are likely to have only a small affect related to the bi polar disorder. Increased paternal age has been linked to a slight chance of bi polar disorder in the offspring, being consistent with a hypothesis of increased new genetic mutations. Physiological is said to affect bi polar via stress levels. Stressful events lowers the threshold which the mood change takes place. Eventually, this can reoccur on its own. Lastly, the environmental factor plays an important role in the development and course of the bi polar disorder; where the stress level and genetics come into the picture. There is consistent proof from prospective studies that relate life events and relationships contributing to the likelihood of onsets and reoccurrences of bi polar episodes. Between one-third and a half of adults have reported abusive/traumatic experiences in their childhood.
How is Bi Polar Diagnosed? Bi Polar is diagnosed by self-reported experiences of an individual as well as abnormalities in behavior seen by family members, friends or co-workers; which is then followed up by a psychiatrist, nurse, social worker or other clinician in a clinical assessment. This is usually done on an outpatient basis. However, if admitted to an inpatient facility it is considered that there is a risk to oneself or others. There are a few subtypes of Bi Polar disorder, ranging from Bi Polar l Disorder all the way to Cyclothymia. Bipolar l disorder is one or more manic episodes and more than likely depressive or hypomanic episodes that frequently occur. Bipolar ll disorder is where no manic episodes occur, but one or more hypomanic episodes or one or more major depressive episodes occur. Moreover, a diagnosis of bipolar is not a guarantee that one will not eventually suffer from such an episode in the future. The behavior that is exhibited here is with hypomanic episodes may simply appear as a period of fruitful productivity and less frequently than a distressing, crippling depression. Lastly, is Cyclothymia where a history of hypomanic episodes with periods of depression do not meet the criteria for major depressive episodes. A low grade rotation of moods can appear to an observer as a personality trait, and interferes with functioning. Keep in mind that there are several other mental disorders that involve similar symptoms. Theses mental disorders are schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, drug intoxication, and borderline personality.
Treatment for Bi Polar disorder is a must as it can become life threatening as you have read the previous behaviors in detail. Bi Polar l may require hospitalization and can be voluntary or involuntary due to harm to oneself or others. Psychotherapy is targeted to alleviate the core symptoms, recognize trigger points and reduce negative expressed emotion in relationships. This therapy can be very intense as patients can be in denial and the fact that they are living their trigger points for their extreme mood swings. Medication can stabilize the mood. Lamotirgine has been discovered to be the best in preventing severe depressions, while Lithium has only been proven to reduce suicide in bipolar patients. The intake of anti-depressants has been debated among researchers as a few studies have reported a worse outcome with their use triggering manic, hypomanic, or mixed episodes, especially if no mood stabilizer has been used.
Bi Polar disorder has a lot of variables that catalyst up to particular characteristics. There are many qualified professionals to assist in making life easier for Bi Polar sufferers. Hopefully, the treatment that is chosen will cause the Bi Polar to go into remission and life can go on with perfect functionality.
Bethany Dazzle Tags: bi polar disorder / what is bi polar disorder / bi polar symptoms / bi polar treatment / bipolar disorder symptoms / by polar disorder / bipolar treatment / bipolar disorder / bipolar / symptoms bipolar disorder / manic depressive