Heat Exhaustion and Heatstroke
What causes heat exhaustion and heatstroke? Heat-related illnesses, such as heat exhaustion and heatstroke, happen when your body can’t keep itself cool. As the air temperature rises, your body stays cool when your sweat evaporates. On hot, humid days, the evaporation of sweat is slowed by the increased moisture in the air. When sweating isn’t enough to cool your body, your body temperature rises, and you may become ill.
What is heat exhaustion? Heat exhaustion happens when your body gets too hot. It can be caused by physical exercise or hot weather. You may experience: Heavy sweating Feeling weak and/or confused Dizziness Nausea Headache Fast heartbeat Dark-colored urine, which indicates dehydration
What should I do if I think I have heat exhaustion? If you think you have heat exhaustion, get out of the heat quickly. Rest in a building that has air-conditioning. If you can’t get inside, find a cool, shady place. Drink plenty of water or other fluids. Do NOT drink alcohol or caffeinated drinks (such as soda). These can make heat exhaustion worse. Take a cool shower or bath, or apply cool water to your skin. Take off any tight or unnecessary clothing.
If you do not feel better within 30 minutes, you should contact your doctor. If heat exhaustion is not treated, it can progress to heatstroke.
What should I do if I think someone has heatstroke?
What is heatstroke?
Symptoms of heatstroke High fever (104°F or higher)
Severe headache Dizziness and feeling light-headed
A flushed or red appearance to the skin
Lack of sweating Muscle weakness or cramps
Feeling confused, anxious or disoriented
Heatstroke is when the internal temperature of the body reaches 104°F. It can happen when your body gets too hot during strenuous exercise or when exposed to very hot temperatures, or it can happen after heat exhaustion isn’t properly treated. Heatstroke is much more serious than heat exhaustion. Heatstroke can cause damage to your organs and brain. In extreme cases, it can kill you.
If you think someone might have heatstroke, call emergency medical personnel immediately. While you are waiting for medical assistance, take the person into an air-conditioned building or a cool, shady place. Remove the person’s unnecessary clothing to help cool him or her down. Try to fan air over the person while wetting the skin with water. You can also apply ice packs to the person’s armpits, groin, neck and back. These areas contain a lot of blood vessels close the surface of the skin. Cooling them with ice packs can help the person cool down.
Heat stroke and heat exhaustion happens in hot and humid conditions. Today, May 31, 2011 it was hot, and I was outside working, I got thirtsty and ignore it, and then stopped a few hours later for a Dr Pepper. I drank it fast, I did not stop and think I would have problems because of this but I soon did. I did not have either, but I got quite ill, and got out of the heat.
When the body uses sweating to balance the body temperature, under certain conditions, our body fails to cool down and the body temperature keeps risking. The most common victims of heat stroke are outdoor workers, infants, elderly people, and athletes. Heat stroke, or heat exhaustion, if not treated early and properly, can be deadly.
1. Get the individual that is suffering heat exhaustion to a shady area and out of the sun. If the person stays in the sun, it will only get worse. People suffer from heat exhaustion in warm places all over the world because of intense sun.
2. Call 911 for medic
3. Get the person to a cool area as soon as you can. The person’s body temperature needs to be decreased to a safe level. Try putting him in a cool tub, cool shower, or use a hose with cool water to spray him.al emergency assistance. Notice I said cool, cold could shock the body and has been known to cause heart attacks.
4. The symptoms of heat stroke include dizziness, vomiting, nausea, fatigue, weakness, muscle cramps and headache
5. Remove the victim’s clothes while waiting for emergency medical assistance to arrive. Spray water to cool him down. Stay with the victim. Put ice packs under his armpits and groins.
6. Make sure that if the humidity in the air is low. You wrap the person in a wet, cool sheet and fan her
7. If you are outside, take the victim to a cool and shaded area. If there is a pool nearby, bring him to a shallow part of the pool.
8. If you have access to a thermometer, monitor the patient’s body temperature. Continue to provide cooling his temperature drops to 101 to 102 degrees F.
9. Give him cool liquids such as cold water. This is another thing I did wrong, I drank cold liquid, fast
10. Drinks are ok, too. Do not give him caffeine or any other caffeinated drink and drink them slow. Keep a container and damp cloth near in case he vomits.
10. If the person is unconscious, check his airway for breathing and listen for his heart beat. Do CPR if he stops breathing. Have his mouth opened so air can enter his body. Roll him onto his left side. This help prevent vomiting and allow fluids to drain from his mouth